The ELA can improve transparency and access to information regarding rights and obligations in the field of labour mobility and social security systems. This could include:
• Pooling existing tools for cross-border mobility (for example Eures portal, EESI), to provide a (multilingual) platform with better information for mobile workers and public authorities;
• Facilitate input and exchange of information, including the job matching portal, directly accessible by jobseekers;
• Include info on joining a trade union, industrial relations systems, wages and wage-setting;
• Provide trade unions and employers with information, support, access to resources and technical assistance for management of restructuring in cross border situations.
Key role for the European Labour Authority should be promoting better enforcement of EU labour and social security rights and the fight against social dumping and cross border social fraud.
The ELA should act as a support service for national enforcement authorities. The ELA could play a mediation role between national authorities for instance on failure to cooperate with requests for information or assistance or in respect of social security disputes. It can help to improve national implementation of EU labour and social security law, along with supporting the coordination of possible cross-border inspections.
It is essential that the ELA would be obliged to assist trade unions to secure the rights of workers in cross border situations and assist them to pursue cases on behalf of workers across borders. It should also provide information to trade unions to assist them in situations where the employer changes their ‘seat’ and with information needed to support the proper establishment and functioning of EWCs and with the SE.
The Authority’s areas of focus should include posting of workers, cross-border job placement services and work for foreign employers, clients or intermediary platforms in the digital world of work and frontier workers. It should also assist workers and their unions in cases of cross border insolvency.
National liaison officers should be seconded to the ELA as representatives of national enforcement authorities. As a support service for national enforcement authorities, the ELA should carry the following activities:
• Operational analysis and support to Member States operations. The possibility of joint inspections should be reflected upon;
• Expertise and technical support for national investigations and operations;
• Strategic reports and fraud analysis (early warning system, risk assessment identifying projects, sectors, and/ or geographical zones particularly vulnerable to fraud);
• Non-binding policy recommendations both to the EU and the Member States.
The ELA can play a mediatory role between Member States for example on the delivery of A1 forms.
The ELA should assist the European Commission regarding complaints and in investigating poor implementation of EU labour and social security rights by the Member States.
8. How to you see the relationship between the European Labour Authority and other EU agencies, notably those in the employment domain (For example, European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, European Agency for Safety and Health at Work?
One of the Authority’s tasks should be research and surveys on European labour markets, provisions for the protection of workers and the enforcement of claims under labour law affecting cross-border issues.
For this the ELA should cooperate with other EU agencies like Eurofound. The ELA should focus on practical-orientated approach, while basic research should be left to Eurofound.
Furthermore, the ELA could manage the data generated by the possible European social security number, provided that adequate integrity safeguards are put in place. Access to the data base could also be provided to Eurofound for research and planning purposes.